Scientific Papers

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Schwabe, A.L., Naibauer, S.K., McGlaughlin, M.E. & Gilbert, A.N. 2022. Human olfactory discrimination of genetic variation within Cannabis strains. Frontiers in Psychology, published online October 28, 2022.

Gilbert, A.N. 2021. Cannabis: The uncertain path from agricultural commodity to luxury consumable. Luxury 7:35-53.

Gilbert, A.N. 2021. The chemistry and perception of terpenes. Terpenes and Testing Magazine, January/February, 10-11.

Gilbert, A.N. & DiVerdi, J.A. 2020. Human olfactory detection of packaged cannabis. Science & Justice 60(2)169-172.

Gilbert, A.N. & DiVerdi, J.A. 2019. Use of rating scales versus check-all-that-apply ballots in quantifying strain-specific Cannabis aroma. Journal of Sensory Studies 34(4):e12499.

Gilbert, A.N. & DiVerdi, J.A. 2018. Consumer perceptions of strain differences in Cannabis aroma. PLOS ONE 13(2):e0192247.


Keller, A., Hempstead, M., Gomez, I.A., Gilbert, A.N., & Vosshall, L.B. 2012. An olfactory demography of a diverse metropolitan population. BMC Neuroscience 13:122.

Gilbert, A.N. 2003. The emperor's new theory. Review of "The emperor of scent: A story of perfume, obsession, and the last mystery of the senses," by Chandler Burr. Nature Neuroscience 6:335.

Gilbert, A.N. & Firestein, S. 2002. Dollars and scents: commercial opportunities in olfaction and taste. Nature Neuroscience Supplement 5:1043-1045.

Gilbert, A.N., Crouch, M., & Kemp, S.E.  1998. Olfactory and visual mental imagery. Journal of Mental Imagery 22:137-146.

Gilbert, A.N., Fridlund, A.J., & Sabini, J. 1987. Hedonic and social determinants of facial displays to odor.  Chemical Senses 12:355-363.

Gilbert, A.N., Yamazaki, K., Beauchamp, G.K., & Thomas, L. 1986. Olfactory discrimination of mouse strains (Mus musculus) and major histocompatibility types by humans (Homo sapiens).  Journal of Comparative Psychology 100:262-265.


Gilbert, A.N., Fridlund, A.J. & Lucchina, L.A. 2016. The color of emotion: A metric for implicit color associations. Food Quality and Preference 52:203-210.

Belkin, K., Martin, R., Kemp, S.E., & Gilbert, A.N.  1997. Auditory pitch as a perceptual analogue to odor quality.  Psychological Science 8:340-342.

Kemp, S.E. & Gilbert, A.N. 1997. Odor intensity and color lightness are correlated sensory dimensions. American Journal of Psychology 110:35-46.

Gilbert, A.N., Martin, R., & Kemp, S.E. 1996. Cross-modal correspondence between vision and olfaction: The color of smells.  American Journal of Psychology 109:335-351.

Gilbert, A.N. 1997. The evolving links between scent and color. Perfumer & Flavorist 22:53-54.

Gilbert, A.N. 1996. Colour-odour synesthesia: Measuring the impact of smell on the senses. 207th ESOMAR Seminar, Capturing the elusive appeal of fragrance. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, December, 1996.


Corwin, J., Loury, M., & Gilbert, A.N. 1995. Workplace, age, and sex as mediators of olfactory function: Data from the National Geographic Smell Survey.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 50:179-186.

Russell, M.J., Cummings, B.J., Profitt, B.F., Wysocki, C.J., Gilbert, A.N., & Cotman, C.W. 1993. Lifespan changes in the verbal categorization of odors.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences 48:49-53.

Gilbert, A.N. & Wysocki, C.J. 1992. Hand preference and age in the United States.  Neuropsychologia 30:601-608.

Wysocki, C.J., Pierce, J.D. Jr., & Gilbert, A.N. 1991. Geographic, cross-cultural, and individual variation in human olfaction. In T.V. Getchell, L.M. Bartoshuk, R.L. Doty, & J.B. Snow, Jr. (Eds.), Smell and taste in health and disease. Pp. 287-314. New York: Raven Press.

Gilbert, A.N. & Wysocki, C.J. 1991. Quantitative assessment of olfactory experience during pregnancy.  Psychosomatic Medicine 53:693-700.

Wysocki, C.J. & Gilbert, A.N. 1989. The National Geographic Smell Survey: Effects of age are heterogenous. In C. Murphy, W.S. Cain, & D.M. Hegsted (Eds.), Nutrition and the chemical senses in aging: Recent advances and current research needs. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 561:12-28.

Gilbert, A.N. & Wysocki, C.J. 1987. The Smell Survey results. National Geographic 172:514-525.


Gilbert, A.N., Knasko, S.C., & Sabini, J. 1997. Sex differences in task performance associated with attention to ambient odor.  Archives of Environmental Health 52:195-199.

Ishii, R., Kemp, S.E., Gilbert, A.N., & O'Mahony, M.  1997. Variation in sensory conceptual structure: An investigation involving the sorting of odor stimuli.  Journal of Sensory Studies 12:195-214.

Gilbert, A.N. & Kemp, S.E. 1996. Odor perception phenotypes: multiple, specific hyperosmias to musks.  Chemical Senses 21:411-416.

Gilbert, A.N. & Greenberg, M.S. 1992. Stimulus selection in the design and interpretation of olfactory studies. In M. Serby & K. Chobor (Eds.), The science of olfaction. Pp. 309-334. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

Gilbert, A.N. & Kare, M.R. 1991. A consideration of some psychological and physiological mechanisms of odour perception. In P.M. Müller & D. Lamparsky (Eds.), Perfumes: Art, science and technology. Pp. 127-149. London: Elsevier Applied Science.

Knasko, S.C., Gilbert, A.N., & Sabini, J. 1990. Emotional state, physical well-being and performance in the presence of feigned ambient odor.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology 20:1345-1357.

Gilbert, A.N. 1989. Reciprocity versus rhythmicity in spontaneous alternations of nasal airflow.  Chronobiology International 6:251-257.

Gilbert, A.N., Greenberg, M.S., & Beauchamp, G.K. 1989. Sex, handedness, and side of nose modulate odor judgments.  Neuropsychologia 27:505-511.

Gilbert, A.N. & Rosenwasser, A.M. 1987. Biological rhythmicity of nasal airway patency: A re-examination of the ‘nasal cycle.’  Acta Otolaryngologica 104:180-186.

Gilbert, A.N. 1986. The neuropsychology of olfaction in Alzheimer’s disease.  Neurobiology of Aging 7:578-579.

Beauchamp, G.K., Gilbert, A.N., Yamazaki, K., & Boyse, E.A. 1986. Genetic basis for individual discriminations: The major histocompatibility complex of the mouse. In D. Duvall, D. Müller Schwarze, & R.M. Silverstein (Eds.), Chemical signals in vertebrates 4: Ecology, evolution, and comparative biology. Pp. 413 422. New York: Plenum Press.


Gilbert, A.N. 1995. Tenacious nipple attachment in rodents: The sibling competition hypothesis. Animal Behaviour 50:881-891.

Gilbert, A.N. 1986. Mammary number and litter size in Rodentia: The “one-half rule.”  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 83:4828-4830.

Gilbert, A.N., Rosenwasser, A.M., & Adler, N.T. 1985. Timing of parturition and postpartum mating in Norway rats: Interaction of an interval timer and a circadian gate.  Physiology & Behavior 34:61-63.

Gilbert, A.N. 1984. Postpartum and lactational estrus: A comparative analysis in Rodentia.  Journal of Comparative Psychology 98:232-245.

Gilbert, A.N., Pelchat, R.J., & Adler, N.T. 1984. Sexual and maternal behaviour at the postpartum oestrus: The role of experience in time-sharing.  Animal Behaviour 32:1045-1053.

Gilbert, A.N., Burgoon, D.A., Sullivan, K.A., & Adler, N.T.  1983. Mother-weanling interactions in the presence of a successive litter produced by postpartum mating.  Physiology and Behavior 30:267-271.

Gilbert, A.N., Pelchat, R.J., & Adler, N.T. 1980. Postpartum copulatory and maternal behaviour in Norway rats under seminatural conditions.  Animal Behaviour 28:989-995.